Securing your Synology NAS against unauthorized access
In order to ensure the security of your Synology NAS and protect it against unauthorized access, you can take several measures:
1. Enable Two-Factor Authentication (2FA)
Enabling Two-Factor Authentication adds an extra layer of security to your NAS login process. With 2FA enabled, users will have to provide a second verification method (usually a time-based one-time password) in addition to their username and password to access the NAS.
2. Use Strong and Complex Passwords
Using strong and complex passwords for both your NAS admin account and user accounts is crucial. A strong password should be at least 8-12 characters long and include a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters. Avoid easily guessable passwords like birthdays, names, or dictionary words.
3. Regularly Update NAS Firmware and Applications
Keeping your Synology NAS firmware and applications up to date is essential to protect it against potential vulnerabilities. Synology regularly releases software updates that address security issues and improve overall system performance. Enable automatic updates or check for updates on a regular basis.
4. Configure Firewall and Network Settings
Ensure that your NAS is behind a firewall and configure it to block all unnecessary ports and services. Set up access controls to only allow connections from trusted IP addresses or subnets. Consider using a Virtual Private Network (VPN) for secure remote access to your NAS.
5. Disable or Restrict Unnecessary Services
Review and disable any unnecessary services or applications running on your NAS. This reduces the attack surface and limits potential vulnerabilities. Only enable the services you need and regularly review their permissions and access rights.
6. Implement Network Intrusion Detection and Prevention
Install a network intrusion detection and prevention system (IDS/IPS) on your network. This will help monitor and protect your NAS from unauthorized access attempts, malware, and other malicious activities.
7. Regularly Backup Your Data
Regularly backing up your data is crucial to protect against data loss or ransomware attacks. Use Synology's built-in backup tools or third-party backup software to create regular backups of your important files and configurations.
By implementing these security measures, you can significantly enhance the security of your Synology NAS and minimize the risk of unauthorized access.