Can I run virtual machines on my Synology NAS?
In short, yes! Synology NAS devices support virtualization and allow you to run virtual machines (VMs) on them. This opens up a world of possibilities for utilizing your NAS beyond just storage.
Virtual Machine Manager
Synology's Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) is the key software that enables you to run virtual machines on your NAS. VMM provides a user-friendly interface to create, manage, and monitor your virtual machines.
To run virtual machines on your Synology NAS, you need to ensure that your NAS model supports VMM and meets the necessary hardware requirements. The hardware requirements can vary depending on the specific virtual machine workload and the number of VMs you plan to run simultaneously. Here are some key factors to consider:
- CPU: Synology NAS devices with Intel or AMD processors are recommended for better performance. The CPU should have virtualization extensions (Intel VT-x or AMD-V) enabled.
- RAM: Sufficient memory is essential for running virtual machines effectively. The more memory your NAS has, the more VMs you can run simultaneously and the better the performance. Synology NAS models usually have a maximum memory capacity specified, and it's advisable to allocate an appropriate amount of memory to each VM based on its requirements.
- Network Interface: NAS units typically have multiple network interfaces, allowing network connectivity to your virtual machines.
- Storage: Having enough storage capacity and performance is essential to store and run virtual machines efficiently. Synology NAS supports a variety of storage options, including SSDs and HDDs, and offers features like RAID for data redundancy and performance improvement.
Virtual Machine Performance
When running virtual machines on your Synology NAS, it's important to keep in mind the potential impact on performance. The overall performance can vary based on factors such as VM workload, resources allocated to each VM, and the capabilities of your NAS hardware. Monitoring system resources, such as CPU and memory usage, can help manage and optimize performance.
Backup and Snapshot Support
Synology NAS devices provide built-in backup and snapshot support for virtual machines. You can schedule regular backups of your VMs to ensure data protection. Additionally, you can take snapshots of your VMs at specific points in time, allowing you to revert to a previous state if necessary.
It's important to consult the official documentation and compatibility list provided by Synology to ensure that your specific NAS model supports virtualization and meets all the necessary requirements for running virtual machines.